APA Lecture Citation

A lecture is an oral presentation of a topic or information before an audience usually in a class, meeting or symposium.

Citing the Author

One Author

In-text citation Reference list
Last name




*Write only the last name without the initials for all in-text citations.

Last name, A. A.


Clark, E. D.

Multiple Authors 

Two to Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last Name A & Last name B


Robinson & Lewis


*Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.” You can include up to five names, but in the next citations just use the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B.


Robinson, K., & Lewis, P. D.


*The names of the author should be listed in the same order as it is written in the source. Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.”


More than Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last name A et al.


Allen et al.


*Only include the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., Last name, C. C., Last name, D. D., Last name, E. E., Last name, F. F., . . . Last name, G. G.


Allen, S., Young, C.L., Hernandez, N. L., Hill, J. C., Adams, M., Green, E. C., . . . Baker, J.


*Up to seven authors can be included in the reference list. After the name of the sixth author, write three ellipsis points followed by the last author’s name.

No Author

In-text citation Reference list
Title of the article


“PowerPoint Presentation: The Basics”


*If the title is short, you can write the full title in the in-text citation. But for long titles; include only the first few words enclosed in double quotation marks.

Title of the article


PowerPoint Presentations: The Basics


Lectures are generally cited in both in-text citation and reference list. However, personal notes from a lecture which are considered as personal communications are only included in the in-text citations since these are non-recoverable data. You will learn more about this and the details of APA lecture citation as you browse through this part.

In-Text Citation

General Guidelines

  • The in-text citation is written inside a parenthesis usually with the last name of the author and year of publication, separated by a comma.

(Roberts, 2011)

  • If the name of the author is included within the text, write only the year inside the parenthesis.

Roberts (2011)

Personal Notes from a Lecture

Basic Format:     (A. A. Last name of Speaker, personal communication, Date)

A. A. Last name of Speaker (personal communication, Date)


Examples:           1st citation

(K. L. Stewart, personal communication, December 6, 2004)

K. L. Stewart (personal communication, December 6, 2004)


Subsequent citation

(Stewart, 2004)

Nguyen (2004)


  • The date has to be written in this order: month, day, and year.
  • Personal communication is indicated within the parenthesis before the date.
  • If the name of the author is written within the text, write only personal communication and the date inside the parenthesis.
  • In the subsequent citations, only include the last name of the presenter and year.


Reference List

Basic Elements

  1. Author
  2. Year or Date
  3. Title of Lecture
  4. Description of Form
  5. Location or URL

General Guidelines

  • Include only the reference information available from the source.
  • Italicize the title of the lecture.
  • The title may include the unit code, unit name and week number.
  • Provide the description of form or file format inside a bracket (e.g. PowerPoint slides, Word document, PDF file).
  • For lectures without title, use the subject or description of the lecture.
  • Include the URL for lectures retrieved from the web.


Lectures from an Archive

Basic Format:  Author. (Year, Month Day). Title of Material. [Description of material]. Name of Collection (Call number, Box number, File name or number, etc.). Name of Repository, Location.

Example: Berliner, A. ( 1959). Notes for a lecture on reminiscences of Wundt and Leipzig. Anna Berliner Memoirs (Box M50). Archives of the History of American Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH.


Lecture Notes in Print

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of Lecture [Description of Form]. Department, University, Location.

Example: Sonn, C. (2011). APM5003: Exploring methodology for psychological research [Class handout]. School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.


Online Lecture Notes

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of Lecture [Description of Form]. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Examples: Roberts, K. F. (1998). Federal regulations of chemicals in the environment [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://siri.uvm.edu/ppt/40hrenv/index.html


Lecture from a Meeting or Symposia

Basic Format: Author. (Year, Month). Title of Lecture. In Organizer (Contribution). Event. Lecture conducted from Sponsor, City.

Example: Kelly, J. (2004, November). Journey to Success. In H. Smith (Chair). Dreams. Lecture conducted from Blue Coal University, Pittsburg, PA.

Note: Instead of the title of the lecture, the name of the event is italicized for lectures from a meeting or symposia. The name of the organizer is written with the initials first followed by the last name.