APA Website Citation

The internet is a vast medium that serves as an accessible source of information. Its accessibility and ease of use make it a popular resource not just for simple queries but for research and academic study as well. Let’s start with the basic elements for the APA website citation. For you to be properly guided, I included here the usual locations of each element.

 

1. Author

The name of the author may be found near the top or bottom of the page.

2. Date of Publication

This information can be found on top or at the bottom of the page.

3. Title of the article or topic and title of the resource

Titles are at the top of the body of the text.

4. URL or DOI

The URL is located in the address bar of the browser while the DOI is usually located on the first page of the electronic journal article near the copyright or at the database landing page for the article.

And now, here is the guide in listing the authors for the in-text citation and reference list.

 

Citing the Author

 One Author

In-text citation Reference list
Last nameGreen

 

*For all in-text citations, write only the last name without the initials.

Last name, A. A.Green, R.

 

*Reverse the name of the author, and write only the last name and initials separated by a comma.

 

Multiple Authors 

Note: In listing the authors, follow the same order as it is written in the source.

 

Two to Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last Name A & Last name BWooldridge & Shapka

 

*Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.”

Up to five names can be included but in the subsequent in-text citation for works with more than two authors, write only the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. BWooldridge, M. B., & Shapka, J.

 

*Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.”

 

More than Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last name A et al.Meyer et al.

 

*Write only the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., Last name, C. C., Last name, D. D., Last name, E. E., Last name, F. F., . . . Last name, G. G.Meyer, W., III, Bockting, W. O., Cohen-Kettenis, P., Coleman, E., DiCeglie, D., Devor, H.,… Wheeler, C. C.

 

*Only seven authors can be included in the reference list. After the name of the sixth author, write three ellipsis points followed by the last author’s name.

 

Corporate Author

In-text citation Reference list
Name of the organization or group

American Heart Association

(same as in-text)

 

No Author

In-text citation

Reference list
Title of the article or work“New Child Vaccine”

 

*If the title is short, you can write the full title in the in-text citation. But for long titles; include only the first few words enclosed in double quotation marks.

Title of the article or workNew Child Vaccine

 

 

This part will show you simple guidelines, formats, and examples for both in-text citation and reference list.

 

In-Text Citation

-Generally, the in-text citation is written inside a parenthesis with the last name of the author and year of publication separated by a comma or if the name of the author is listed within the text, only the year is written inside the parenthesis.

Examples:

(Field, 2005)

Field (2005) found…

 

-If a part of a work is directly quoted, include the name of the author, year, and page number or the paragraph number.

Examples:

(Mönnich & Spiering, 2008, para. 9)

According to Mönnich & Spiering (2008, para. 9)

 

-For works with no date, use n.d.

(Smith, n.d.)

Smith (n.d.) posited…

 

 

Reference List

General Format

Author. (Date). Title of article. Title of the resource. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Examples:

Carroll, L. & Gilroy, P. J. (2002). Transgender issues in counselor preparation. Counselor Education & Supervision, 41, 233-242. Retrieved from http://www.counseling.org

Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth. doi : 10.1036/0071393722

 

Notes:

  • Include only the information available in the source.
  • Italicize the title of books, newspapers, magazines and journals.
  • The date is written in this order: year, month day.
  • Include the URL or DOI. Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string used by scholarly publishers to provide persistent link to content in the internet.

 

Periodicals

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, Volume number (issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

 

Journal

Herbst-Damm , K. L ., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi : 10.1037/027S-6133 . 24.2.225

 

Magazine

Clay, R . (2008, June). Science vs . ideology: Psychologists fight back about the misuse of research. Monitor on Psychology, 39(6). Retrieved from http://www. apa .org/monitor/

 

Newspaper

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11) . Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

 

Books

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of the book. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Example: Munsterberg, H. (1916). The photoplay: A psychological study. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15383/15383-8.txt

 

Database

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of article. Title of Online Resource, Volume number (issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Example: Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3), 120-125. Retrieved from http://www.articlehomepage.com/full/url/

 

Thesis and Dissertation

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of thesis or dissertation (Master’s thesis or Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Example: Adams, R.J. (1973). Building a foundation for evaluation of instruction in higher education and continuing education (Doctoral dissertation) .Retrieved from http://www.ohiolink.edu/etd/

Note: Indicate whether the work is a Master’s thesis or a Doctoral dissertation in a parenthesis.

 

Web Document, Web Page or Report

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of the document. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Example: Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

 

Online Forum or Discussion Board Posting

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of the message [Message number]. Message posted to http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Example: Frook, B. D. (1999, July 23). New inventions in the cyberworld of toylandia [Msg 25]. Message posted to http://groups.earthlink.com/forum/messages/00025.html

Note: The title of the message is not italicized for forums, newsgroups and blogs. Write the message number in a bracket with the abbreviated word Msg. Instead of retrieved from, use the phrase message posted to. If the name of the author is not available, write the screen name.

 

Blog (Weblog) and Video Blog

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of message [Web log comment or Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Examples:

J Dean. (2008, May 7). When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror? [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://www.spring.org.uk/the1sttransport

Psychology Video Blog #3 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqM90eQi5-M

Note: Indicate Web log comment or video file in a bracket after the title.

 

Audio and Video Podcast

Basic Format: Author or Producer. (Date). Title of the topic. Title of the resource. Podcast retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com

Examples:

Bell, T., & Phillips, T. (2008, May 6). A solar flare. Science @ NASA Podcast. Podcast retrieved from http://science.nasa.gov/podcast.htm

Scott, D. (Producer). (2007, January 5). The community college classroom [Episode 7]. Adventures in Education. Podcast retrieved from http://www.adveeducation.com

Note: If the name of the producer is used, add the word producer inside a parenthesis. For video podcast, include the episode number inside a bracket after the title of the topic.