APA Radio and television Citation

You can cite radio and television episode, series, or broadcast in your academic paper or research study as these can also acceptable and reliable references. Just make sure to obtain and include relevant information in the in-text citation and reference list. To help you, we will discuss in this article the details of American Psychological Association (APA) radio and television citation.

Citing the Author

One Author

In-text citation Reference list
Last name

 

Anderson

 

*Write only the last name without the initials for all in-text citations.

Last name, A. A.

 

Anderson, J.

 

Multiple Authors 

Two to Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last Name A & Last name B

 

Reed & Morgan

 

*Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.” You can include up to five names, but in the next citations just use the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B.

 

Reed, I., & Morgan, B. F.

 

*The names of the author should be listed in the same order as it is written in the source. Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.”

 

More than Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last name A et al.

 

Carlson et al.

 

*Only include the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., Last name, C. C., Last name, D. D., Last name, E. E., Last name, F. F., . . . Last name, G. G.

 

Carlson, J. F., Cook, C., Howard, K. C., Hill, J. M., Cooper, G., Gray, L. R., . . . Peterson, A. F.

 

*Up to seven authors can be included in the reference list. After the name of the sixth author, write three ellipsis points followed by the last author’s name.

APA radio and television citation is almost similar with how you cite a book. This part will show you the elements, guides and formats in writing in-text citation and reference list, as well as specific examples.

 

In-Text Citation

  • The in-text citation is written inside a parenthesis with the last name of the author and year of publication, separated by a comma.

(Schmit, 2011)

  • If the name of the author is included within the text, write only the year inside the parenthesis.

Schmit (2011)

 

Reference List

Basic Elements

  1. Author (Writer, Director, Producer, or Host)
  2. Date or year of broadcast
  3. Episode, series, or program title
  4. Program type
  5. Location
  6. Network, studio, or distributor

General Guidelines

  • List the primary contributors as the authors followed by the description of their role or title (e. g. Writer, Director, Producer, or Host) in a parenthesis.
  • Italicize the title of the program or series.
  • Place the description of the program type in a square bracket.
  • Abbreviate the name of the U. S. state (e.g. New York, NY)

 

Episode of a Radio/Television Program

Basic Format: Author (Writer, Director or Host). (Date or Year of Broadcast). Episode title [Program Type]. In Producer’s name (Producer), Program. Location: Network, Studio, or Distributor.

Examples: Garner, J. L. (Host and Editor). (2000, December 6). Exercise and Lifestyle [Radio program]. In E. Cortez (Producer), Health and Fitness. New York, NY: MBCS.

 

Note: List the name of the writer first before the director. The name of the producer is preceded by In and is written with the initials first followed by the last name.

 

Individual Radio/Television Broadcast

Basic Format: Author (Producer). (Date of Broadcast). Program [Program Type]. Location: Network, Studio, or Distributor.

Example: Smith, K. G. (Producer). (1999, September 19). Every day News [Television broadcast]. New York, NY: West Broadcasting.

 

Radio/Television Series

Basic Format: Author (Producer). (Year of Broadcast). Series [Program Type]. Location: Network, Studio, or Distributor.

Example: Engel, R. (Producer). (2004). Oliver [Television series]. New York: KLC.