APA Quote Citation

If you include direct quotations in your paper, there is a certain formatting for the in-text citation that you have follow based on the American Psychological Association (APA) citation system, which will be our focus in this article. This article will cover the guide in citing the authors and writing in-text citations for both long and short quotations.

 

Citing the Author

One Author

In-text citation Reference list
Last name 

White

 

*Write only the last name without the initials for all in-text citations.

Last name, A. A. 

White, R.

 

Multiple Authors 

Two to Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last Name A & Last name B 

Jackson & Thomas

 

*Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.” You can include up to five names, but in the next citations just use the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., & Last name, B. B. 

Jackson, T. M., & Thomas, K.

 

*The names of the author should be listed in the same order as it is written in the source. Use ampersand (&) instead of “and.”

 

More than Seven Authors
In-text citation Reference list
Last name A et al. 

Hall et al.

 

*Only include the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., Last name, C. C., Last name, D. D., Last name, E. E., Last name, F. F., . . . Last name, G. G. 

Hall, M., Moore, R. L., Brown, M. R., Bernstein, J. L., Schmit, C., Marquez, N., . . . Hopkins, W.

 

*Up to seven authors can be included in the reference list. After the name of the sixth author, write three ellipsis points followed by the last author’s name.

 

Group as Author

In-text citation Reference list
Name of the group 

International Association of Psychiatric Health

 

*Enclose the term or phrase in double quotation marks.

Name of the group 

International Association of Psychiatric Health

 

 

No Author

In-text citation Reference list
Title of the entry 

“Anxiety and Health”

 

* Enclose the title of the entry in double quotation marks. Write the full title if short, otherwise include only a few words from the title. If the source identified the author as Anonymous, cite Anonymous in the in-text citation.

Title of the entry 

Anxiety and Health

In-text Citation

APA in-text citation is generally written with the last name of the author and year of publication separated by a comma inside the parentheses, but for direct quotations, the page or paragraph number has to be included.

Note: If the name of the author is part of the narrative, only the year and page or paragraph numbers are enclosed in separate parentheses. The year is written after the name of the author while the page or paragraph number appears at the end of the quotation.

Short Quotations

  • If the quotation has less than 40 words, include it within the narrative enclosed in quotation marks.
  • Place the in-text citation after the quotation marks.
  • For quotations at the end of the sentence, write the in-text citation after the quotation marks and before the period.
  • Page number is preceded by p. for only one page and pp. for two or more pages.
  • Include the abbreviated word para. before the paragraph number for works without pagination.

Examples:

Interpreting these results, Robbins et al. (2003) suggested that the “therapists in dropout cases may have inadvertently validated parental negativity about the adolescent without adequately responding to the adolescent’s needs or concerns” (p. 541), contributing to an overall climate of negativity.

Confusing this issue is the overlapping nature of roles in palliative care, whereby “medical needs are met by those in the medical disciplines; nonmedical needs may be addressed by anyone on the team” (Csikai & Chaitin, 2006, p. 112).

Basu and Jones (2007) went so far as to suggest the need for a new “intellectual framework in which to consider the nature and form of regulation in cyberspace” (para . 4).

 

Long Quotations

  • For quotations with more than 40 words, the text is displayed in an independent block without any quotation marks.
  • Start the text in a new line with half an inch indention. The next paragraphs should also be indented with an additional half inch.
  • Use double spacing for the whole quotation.
  • The in-text citation should come after the end of the paragraph.
  • Page number is preceded by p. for only one page and pp. for two or more pages.

Examples:

Others have contradicted this view:

Co-presence does not ensure intimate interaction among all group members. Consider large-scale social gatherings in which hundreds or thousands of people gather in a location to perform a ritual or celebrate an event.

In these in stances, participants are able to see the visible manifestation of the group, the physical gathering, yet their ability to make direct, intimate connections with those around them is limited by the sheer magnitude of the assembly. (Purcell, 1997, pp. 111-112)

 

Reference List

  • Include only information available from the source.
  • Italicize the title of books, newspapers, magazines and journals.
  • Abbreviate the name of the U.S. states or territories in the reference list. For publication outside of the U.S., include the city and country name separated by a comma.
  • Omit the words Publishers, Company or Inc. in the name of the publisher.
  • For references or information from the web, include the URL or DOI.

 

Print Publication

Book

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of Book (edition if not first). Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example: Hanns, A. (2002). Internet Trends. New York, NY: Carlson.

 

Periodicals (Journal, Magazine and Newspaper)

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume number (Issue number if available), pages.

Example: Tatum, C. F. (1994). Personality and Mental Wellness. Mental Health Magazine, 22, 15-17.

 

Online Publication

Book

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of Book. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or DOI

Example: Sotto, H. (1989). Culture and Evolution. Retrieved from http://www.evolution.org/

 

Periodicals (Journal, Magazine and Newspaper)

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, Volume number (issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or DOI

Examples:

Garner, M. (2005). Online Society. Technology Bits, 19. Retrieved from http://www.periodicals.com

Santos, D., King, C. K., & Johnson, L. (2007). Online Marketing Trends. International Business and Marketing Journal, 25. doi:10.1106/04190560510851161

Note:  Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string used by scholarly publishers to provide persistent link to content in the internet.

 

Web Document, Web Page or Report

Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of the document. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or DOI

Example: Scott, E., & Keller, A. (2012, January 7). Health Report 2011. Retrieved from http://healthfacts.com