APA Journal Citation

Journals are regularly published papers which are reliable sources of information. Let’s begin with the basics in writing the reference list and in-text citations. This part highlights the guide in listing the authors and the in-text citation.

Citing the Author

One Author

Reference List

In-text  Citation

Basic Format:Last name, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages.Example: Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13. 

Note:

The name of the author is reversed with the last name first followed by the initials.

 

 

Basic Format: (Last name, Year)Last name (Year)*(Last name, Year, Page number), Last name (year, page number) 

Examples:

(Scruton, 1996)

Scruton (1996)

 

*(Scruton, 1996, p. 8)

Scruton (1996, p. 8)

 

 

Note:

Just write the last name of the author for all in-text citations. If the last name of the author is listed within the text, write only the year in the parenthesis.

*When you use direct quotation from a source, include the page number and enclose in parenthesis any information that is not included within the text (e.g. year and page number).

 

 

Multiple Authors

Two to seven authors

Reference List

In-text Citation

 

Basic Format: Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., & Last name, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages.Example: Wenneker, C.P., Wigbolus, D.H., & Spears, R. (2005). Biased language use in stereotype maintenance: The role of encoding and goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(4), 504-516.Note:

Use “&” instead of “and” when listing two or more authors.

 

Basic Format: (Last name A, Last Name B & Last name C, Year)Last name A, Last Name B & Last name C (Year) Examples:

(Wenneker, Wigbolus & Spears, 2005)

Wenneker, Wigbolus & Spears (2005)

 

Note:

Use “&” instead of “and.” List the names of the authors in the order in which it is listed in the source. You can include up to five names of the authors, but in the subsequent in-text citation for works with more than two authors, write only the last name of the first author followed by et al.

 

More than seven authors

Reference List

In-text Citation

 

Basic Format: Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., Last name, C. C., Last name, D. D., Last name, E. E., Last name, F. F.,… Last name, G. G. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages.Example: Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., . . . Botros, N. (2004). Effects of quitting smoking on EEG activation and attention last for more than 31 days and are more severe with stress, dependence, DRD2 A1 allele, and depressive traits. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6, 249-67. 

Note:

Up to seven authors can be included in the reference list. After the name of the sixth author, write three ellipsis points followed by the last author’s name.

Basic Format: (Last name A, et al., Year)Last name A, et al. (Year) Examples: (Gilbert et al., 2004)

Gilbert et al. (2004)

 

Note:

Write only the last name of the first author followed by et al.

 

And now here are the details in writing APA journal citation for the reference list. The elements listed may not be present in all journals specifically the issue number, so you just have to include the information available from the reference.

There is not much difference between the elements and format for journals in print and online publications apart from the inclusion of the URL or DOI in the latter. You will see what I mean as you browse through this part.

 

Print Publication

Element Location
Author Top of the journal
Year of publication Top of the journal
Title of article or topic Top of the journal
Title of journal Top, bottom or side of the journal
Volume number and Issue number Top or bottom of the journal
Page Number Top or bottom of the journal

 

Journal

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages.

 

Example: Brunero, S., Cowan, D., & Fairbrother, G. (2008). Reducing emotional distress in nurses using cognitive behavioral therapy: A preliminary program evaluation. Journal of Nursing Science5(2), 109-115.

Note: Italicize the title of the journal and volume number.

 

Online Publication

Element Location
Author Top of the journal
Year of publication Top of the journal, within the website
Title of article or topic Top of the journal, within the website
Title of journal Top, bottom or side of the journal, within the website
Volume number and Issue number Top or bottom of the journal, within the website
Page Number Top or bottom of the journal, within the website
URL Address bar of the browser
DOI First page of the electronic journal article near the copyright or at the database landing page for the article

 

Journal with DOI

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Online Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages. Retrieved from doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

 

Example: Gibson, M., & Kirkwood, P. E. (2009). A purchase-on-demand pilot project at the Univeristy of Arkansas, for the Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposiums. Journal of Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery, & Electronic Reserve, 19(1), 47-56. doi:10.1080/10723030802533853

 

What is a DOI?

Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string used by scholarly publishers to provide persistent link to content in the internet.

 

Journal without DOI

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Online Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

 

Example: Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html

 

Journal from a Database

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of article. Title of Online Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Example: Smyth, A. M., Parker, A. L., & Pease, D. L. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8(3), 120-125. Retrieved from http://www.articlehomepage.com/full/url/

 

Journal (PDF)

Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of article [PDF file]. Title of Online Journal, Volume number (issue number if available), pages. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

 

Example: Virtanen, S. M. & Knip, Mikael. (2003). Nutritional risk predictors of β cell autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes at a young age1,2 [PDF file]. American Journal of clinical Nutrition, 78(6), 1053-1067. Retrieved from http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/78/6/1053.full.pdf+html?sid=a56c02e9-5e02-4227-83f8-05cf8c5201e9

 

Note: Indicate that the journal is a PDF file inside a bracket after the title of the article.